BIOCHAR / Atmospheric CO2 Reduction
The CO2 content in the atmosphere has risen in the last 100 years from 280 to 385 ppm. Regarding that the consumption of fossil energies is still rising, alternative technologies, and processes to isolate CO2 from the atmosphere are a necessity.
According to chemical analysis of agricultural soils, which have demonstrated heavy microbiological deficits due to one- sided usage. Due to the lack of nutritional, and mineral values, the quality of agricultural foods has significantly declined in the last 100 year period.
As visible in the figure, CO2 is withdrawn from the atmosphere and transformed into biomass by a natural process. The rotting of biomass causes a release of carbon into the atmosphere (neutral CO2 cycle). The pyrolysis process transforms the otherwise rotting biomass into biologically persistent biochar. Once transformed, this stable form of carbon is used for long- term storage in the soil (negative CO2 cycle). Long- term trials and hundreds of different applications in different crops have proven, that char in soil (Terra Preta) has growth enhancing and cost reducing effects on most crops. The growth and productivity of most crops is increased in a range of up to 20 to 35 %. Research and development of cost effective technologies to transfer biomass into biochar maybe the key to a fast CO2 reduction.
The production of renewable energy by utilization of cost saving biochar, effects an increase of biomass growth, which leads to atmospheric CO2 reduction. Generated heat can be transformed into electrical energy, which causes a significant reduction of fossil fuels.
Pellet Pyrolizer Concept
Key factor of the Pellet Pyrolizer concept is, to attain energy and store CO2 in the same process. In suburban areas, households gain heat through the burning of biomass pellets. We are convinced, that instead of burning biomass, it is more effective to pyrolize it. Through our process you generate energy and biochar. Delivered energy will be used for house heating, and remaining CO (biochar) can be sold, and stored in soil.
This iniciates an economical „win win“ situation for every area involved.
Local farmers provide wood peletts to local traders:
To cover the same energy demands for heating with pyrolysis, an additional 30% material value is required. This enables the farmer to generate more pellets, which transform into biochar. Produced biochar is sold back to local traders, which will reduce heating cost significantly.
It is proven that the stored CO2 (biochar) in soil, increases plant growth up to 35%. The benefits of this concept are obvious: Energy recovery, stored CO2, low transportation costs, and an increase of local trading structures.
Interactive Display Design
Through an interactive display the device communicates heat management, storage, stored CO2 and cost balance. Pellets and biochar are displayed and stored separately.
We are looking for investors, who are ready to invest in this revolutionary renewable energy concept.
Design: Mag. (FH) Tommy Saier (MADKEM Industrial Design)
Contact: Ing. Nikolaus Foidl (MADKEM renewable energies)